皱叶醉鱼草 Buddleja crispa Benth. (Loganiaceae)

分类: 《中国植物志》 发布于:2015-2-7 21:33 ė43次浏览

23.皱叶醉鱼草(中国高等植物图鉴)染饭花(云南昆明)图版81:1-4
名称文献:Buddleja crispa Benth. Scroph. Ind. 43. 1835 et DC. Prodr. 10: 444. 1846 et in Curtis's Bot. Mag. 80: tab. 4793. 1854: Gagnep. in Not. Syst. 2:187. 1912: Marq. in Kew Bull. 1930:199. 1930; Hand. -Mazz. Symb. Sin 7: 947. 1936; Rehd. Man. Cult. Trees & Sbrubs 796. 1949;中国高等植物图鉴3: 373, 图4699. 1974; Abd. in Fl. W. Pakistan 56:3, fig. l, A-D. 1974; Leeuwenberg in Meded. Landbouwhoge-school Wageningen 79-6: 105, fig. 27. 1979, excl syn. B. caryopteridifolia W. W. Smith & var. eremophila (W. W. Smith) Marq. , B. hastata Prain ex Marq. & var. glandulifera Marq. ; Lauener in Not. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 38(3): 453. 1980: P. T. Li in Acta Bot. Yunnan. 4 (3): 236. 1982; Chater in Hara & al. , Enum. Fl. Pl. Nepal 3: 89. 1982; 秦岭植物志1(4): 104, 图100. 1983; 西藏植物志3: 898, 图版344, 1-4. 1986.――Buddleja crispa Benth. var. dicipiens Schmidt. in Journ. Bot. London 6: 245 1868. ――B. tibetica W. W. Smith in Rec. Bot. Surv. Ind. 4: 270. 1911. ――B. truncata Gagnep. in Not. Syst. 2:187. 192. 1911. ――B. agathosma Diels in Not. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 5:248. 1912. ――B. whitei Kranzl. in Bot, Jahrb. 50, Beibl. 111: 46. 1913.――B. truncatifolia Levl. in Fedde, Rep. Sp, Nov. 13:342. 1914 et Cat. Pl. Yunnan 171. 1916. ――B. farreri Balf. f. & W. W. Smith in Not. Bot. Gard. Edinb. 9: 84. 1916. ――B. praecox Lingelsh. in Fedde. Rep. Sp. Nov. Beih. 12:464. 1922. ――B. tibetica W. W. Smith var. grandiflora Marq. in Journ. Linn. Soc. Bot. 48:202. 1922. ――B. tibetica W. W. Smith var. farreri (Balf. f. & W. W. Smith) Marq. in Kew Bull. 1930:205. 1930. ――B. agathosma Diels var. glandulifera Marq. in Kew Bull. 1930:198. 1930. ――B. tibetica W. W. Smith var. truncatifolia (Levl. ) Marq. in Kew Bull. 1930:205 1930: Rehd. in Journ. Arn. Arb. 15: 310. 1934, 18: 234. 1937. ――B. tibetica W. W. Smith var. glandulifera Marq. in Kew Bull. 1930: 206. 1930. ――B. crispa Benth. var. farreri (Balf. f. & W. W. Smith) Hand. -Mazz. Symb. Sin. 7:947. 1936. ――B. sterniana A. D. Cotton in Gard. Chron. Ser. 3. 121: 159, fig. 76. 1947.――B. crispa Benth. var. amplexicaulis Z. Y. Zhang in Acta Phytotax. Sin. 18(3):356. 1980; 秦岭植物志1(4): 104. 1983.――B. crispa Benth. var. grandiflora (Marq. ) S. Y. Pao in Fl. Xizangica 3:899, Pl. 344. 8-9. 1986. ――B. crispa Benth. var. glandulifera (Marq. ) S. Y. Pao in Fl. Xizangica 3:899. Pl. 344, 5-7. 1986.――B. panlculata auct. non Wall. 1820: C. B. Clarke in Hook. f. Fl. Brit. Ind. 4: 81. 1883. ――B. acosma Marq. in Kew Bull. 1930:187. 1930, p. p. quoad G. Forrest 16557.
形态特征:灌木,高1-3米,幼枝近四棱形,老枝圆柱形;枝条、叶片两面、叶柄和花序均密被灰白色绒毛或短绒毛。叶对生,叶片厚纸质,卵形或卵状长圆形,在短枝上的为椭圆形或匙形,长1.5-20厘米,宽1-8厘米,顶端短渐尖至钝,基部宽楔形、截形或心形,边缘具波状锯齿,有时幼叶全缘;侧脉每边9-11条,均被星状绒毛覆盖;叶柄长0.5-4厘米,无翅至两侧具有被毛的长翅;叶柄间的托叶心形至半圆形,长0.3-2厘米,常被星状短绒毛。圆锥状或穗状聚伞花序顶生或腋生;苞片和小苞片稀少,线状披针形,长达4毫米,被星状短绒毛;花梗极短;花萼外面和花冠外面均被星状短绒毛和腺毛;花萼钟状,长3-5毫米,内面无毛,花萼裂片卵形,长约1.5毫米,宽约1毫米;花冠高脚碟状,淡紫色,近喉部白色,芳香,花冠管长9-12毫米,外面毛被有时脱落,内面中部以上被星状毛,花冠裂片近圆形或阔倒卵形,长和宽2.5-4毫米,内面无毛而通常被有鳞片;雄蕊着生于花冠管内壁中部或稍上一些,花丝极短,花药长圆形,长1.5-1.7毫米,基部心形;子房卵形,长约1.5毫米,被星状柔毛,花柱长1.5-2.5毫米,基部被星状柔毛,柱头棍棒状,顶端浅2裂。蒴果卵形,长5-6毫米,直径约3毫米,被星状毛,2瓣裂,基部常有宿存花萼;种子卵状长圆形,长约1毫米,直径约0.5毫米,两端具短翅。花期2-8月,果期6-11月。
产地分布:产于甘肃、四川、云南和西藏等省区。生海拔1 600-4 300米山地疏林中或山坡、干旱沟谷灌木丛中。分布于印度、不丹、尼泊尔、阿富汗、巴基斯坦等。模式标本采自印度北部。
图版81:1-4
《中国植物志》第61卷(1992)
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